Characteristic of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer with Pleural Efusion

· Thoracic Oncology

Fariha Ramadhaniah,1 Achmad Mulawarman,2 Evlina Suzanna,1 Lucia Rizka Andalucia1

1Bagian Penelitian dan Pengembangan, RS Kanker Dharmais, Jakarta
2Kepala Staf Medis Fungsional Paru, RS Kanker Dharmais, Jakarta

Background: Pleural effusion is usually as a complication of lung cancer, especially in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prognosis of patients with pleural effusion is very limited, with decreasing quality of life significantly. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology and clinical descriptions of non-small cell lung cancer carcinoma, and pleural effusion (positive and negative cancer cells).
Methods: Cross-sectional study was done to describe demographic characteristic and clinical of NSCLC with pleural effusion. Inclusion criteria were NSCLC patients with pleural effusion year 2008-2010 who validated by pathology and radiology for pleural effusion.
Result: The results based on gender, a higher incidence in males, age range 23-92 years old, median 57 years old. Most patients are married with high school as the highest educational level and have no health insurance. The highest of clinical patients are present with cough. The most common histological type is adenocarcinoma with the highest primary tumor site are in the right lung. Positive cytologic examination results higher than negative cytology, in line with the location of the primary tumor that most pleural effusion in the right lung.
Conclusion: The location of the tumor in the right lung while the morphology was adenocarcinoma. Cytology possitive result, in line with the location of the primary tumor, pleural effusion was the highest in the right lung. (J Respir Indo. 2016; 36: 60-6)

Keywords: Non-small cell lung cancer, pleural effusion, clinical characteristic

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