Archives for April, 2013

Sensitivity and Specificity of Acid Fast Bacilli Smear from Induced Sputum and Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) in Diagnosis of Negative Acid Fast Bacilli Tuberculosis

Eva Sri Diana, Wiwien Heru Wiyono, Boedi Swidarmoko, Arifin Nawas Abstract Background : Some cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases that are being treated in our country are with negative acid fast bacilli (AFB sputum smear and culture). Acid fast bacilli (AFB) microscopy and conventional Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) culture from sputum remain the cornerstone for […]

Characteristics and Evaluations of Illness of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis With and Without Diabetes Mellitus

Risky Akaputra, Erlina Burhan, Arifin Nawas Abstract Background : Approximately 500.000 new cases of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) in the worldwide. One study found diabetes mellitus (DM) as a contributing factor to develop MDR TB. Diabetes mellitus is known as risk factor to reactivation, late conversion and more complication during tuberculosis treatment. In this […]

Comparison of Clinical, Radiological Finding and Culture Conversion of Diabetic and Non Diabetic Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Reviono, Indah Juliana, Harsini, Jatu Aphridasari, Yusup Subagio Sutanto Abstract Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for tuberculosis and may modify its presenting features. There is good evidence that DM makes a substansial contribution to TB incidence. Considering the contradictory results of the previous studies, this study was conducted for further investigation, […]

Viral Co-infection in Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP): A Cross Sectional Study

Meli Yusanti, Oea Khairsyaf, Irvan Medison Abstract Background : Viral is one of infectious organism in community acquired pneumonia (CAP), however it can’t be detected by conventional microbiological test. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test has ability to identify viral on naso-oropharingeal swab in patient with CAP. Methods : It is a prospective cross sectional study. […]

Characteristic of Empyema in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Eddy Surjanto, Yusup Subagio Sutanto, Harsini, Yunita Puspitasari Abstract Background : Bacterial infection is a major cause of empyema. The empiric treatment must given as soon as possible before definite treatment. Therefore, we must assess the most common organisms and the most sensitive antibiotics. The objective is to study the age-sex profile, symptomatology, microbiologic findings, […]

Surgery in Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis, Emphasized in the Preventing of Disease Transmision to the Environment: Case Study in Persahabatan Hospital

Panji Utomo, Susan Hendriarini Mety, Agung Wibawanto Abstract The burden of tuberculosis in Indonesia has become more emerging and challenging with the increasing number of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) and the extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB). The XDR TB is defined as resistance to at least rifampicin and isoniazid (which is the definition […]

Diabetes Mellitus and Its Problems in Tuberculosis Infection

Dyah Retno Wulandari, Yani Jane Sugiri Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of active tuberculosis (TB) infection by 3.11 times. With the increase in the pandemic, which 80% DM in TB endemic areas, the TB will be a problem in the future. Although the incidence rate of TB has decreased, but still not reached […]