Respiratory Symptoms and Lung Function in Worker Exposed to Carbon Black Dust in Ink Factory


Royani Nurrohman, Fachrial Harahap, Feni Fitriani Taufik, Agus Dwi Susanto

Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta


Background: Advances in the industrial sector gives good and bad impact. Dust generated in industrial processes may adversely affect the health of the lungs. No studies on the effects of carbon black dust on respiratory complaints and lung function in Indonesia. Methods: A cross-sectional study from November 2012 until April 2013 at “X” Ink factory, Bogor. A total of 248 subjects examined by total sampling then selected according to the inclusion criteria. Conducted interviews with questionnaires, physical examination, chest X-ray, spirometry, and carbon monoxide (CO) inspection. Results: There were 207 subjects with the inclusion of mostly male (81.2%), respiratory complaints obtained a number of 68 (32.8%) in the form of the flu, chest, cough, chronic sputum, phlegm cough, phlegm, chronic cough and wheezing. Spirometry results mean FEV1/FVC 93.5 ± 4.4 (SE 79.2 to 98.8). No statistically significant between sex, age of subjects, level of education, nutritional status, smoking status, the rate of CO, dust conditions, the use of masks, chest X-ray abnormalities and working duration with lung function abnormalities.There are significant relationship between male gender, current smoking status and CO levels ≥ 10 with the presence of respiratory symptoms with p <0.05. Conclusion: There is no correlation between the dust with respiratory symptoms and of dust with lung function statistically significant in this study. (J Respir Indo. 2014; 34: 158-66)

Keywords: carbon black dust, respiratory complaints, lung function.

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