Rai IBN, Artana IGNB. J Respir Indones. 2009;29:(4).
Smoking is the leading cause of preventabel mortality and morbidity in industrialized countries and increasingly the smoking epidemic is affecting developing countries. This is particularly true for vascular and respiratory diseases, as well as for cancer. Stopping smoking prolongs life and reduces morbidity. Despite increasing scientific knowledge about health hazards due to cigarette consumption, there is, in many countries, an increase in prevalence among young people. Smoking prevalence almost 70% in Indonesian male in 2002. They started to smoke in very young age (in the age of nineteen). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 160 homogeny Tenganan Pegringsingan populations to evaluate smoking prevalence and their association with nicotine dependence. Smoking habit data collected from a structured questioner and nicotine dependence was count by The Fagerstorm test for nicotine dependence (FTND). One hundred and sixty (76 males, 84 females) Tenganan Pegringsingan populations, age 38,83 ± 15,92 years were included in this study. Using structured smoking questionnaire, 26,3% people with smoking habit. Only one female found in smoker group for this study. Mean nicotine dependence using FTND were 3,07 ± 2,36 (moderate nicotine dependency). Nicotine dependence were higher in younger population vs older (3,43 ± 2,15 vs 2,63 ± 2,59), almost twice higher among high educated people vs elementary level of education (4,14 ± 2,73 vs 2,75 ± 2,34), and almost twice in people with asthma (4,67 ± 1,63 vs 2,81 ± 2,38). More than twenty five percent of Tenganan Pegringsingan populations were smoker with moderate nicotine dependency. Nicotine dependence was considerably higher in younger population, higher educational status, and among asthmatic people.
Keywords : smoking, nicotine dependence, Fagerström test for nicotine dependence, FTND, rokok, nikotin, ketergantungan, nicotine, cigarette