Characteristics and Etiology of Pleura Effusion in Arifin Achmad Hospital Pekanbaru


Indra Yovi,1 Dewi Anggraini,2 Suci Ammalia3
1SMF/KJF Pulmonologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, RSUD Arifin Achmad, Riau
2KJF Mikkrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau
3Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Background: The etiology of pleural effusion is variable, but “unknown etiology”, obtained up to 20% of cases in various studyreports. Patients with pleural effusion require early and proper treatment, otherwise these abnormalities can lead to death. The aim of this research was to find out the etiology and characteristics of pleural effusion.
Method: A retrospective study with secondary data from the medical record. The subjectincludedin this study were 166 subjects in Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Arifin Achmad General Hospital Riau Province in 2011 – 2015
Results: Pleural effusion mostly found at age groups 45 – 64 years old (39,2%), men and women equal. The most affected side was on the right lung (48.2%), pleural effusion mostly occuredunilaterally (85,5%), the color of the pleural fluid mostly found cloudy yellow (48.4%). The most common etiology from this study was tuberculosis (46,3%). followed by pulmonary malignancy which is adenocarcinoma (42,9%).
Conclusion: Tuberculosis and lung adenocarsinoma were the most common etiology of pleura effusion in this study. Age, pleura fluid color and pleura fluid glocose level corelleted with the etiology. (J Respir Indo. 2017; 37: 135-44)
Keywords: Pleural effusion, etiology, characteristic, Pekanbaru

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