Comparison of Cardiopulmonary Endurance, Lung Function Test and Salivary Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) Levels Among Smokers and Non Smokers


Decky Gunawan,1 Rizna Tyrani Rumanti,2 Cindra Paskaria3
1Bagian Fisiologi Universitas Kristen Maranatha Bandung
2Bagian Anatomi Universitas Kristen Maranatha Bandung
3Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Kristen Maranatha Bandung

Background: Smoking is one of human lifestyle which difficult to abandon and can cause health problems. Eighty five percent of households in Indonesia exposed to smoke with increased proportion from year to year. Cigaretuji contain a variety of chemicals that are toxic, carcinogenic and mutagenic, which can interfere with the cardiopulmonary endurance, lung function test and biological oxidative damage in the body. Therefore any further research is needed to show a comparation of cardiorespiratory endurance, lung function tests and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in saliva between smokers and non-smokers.
Method: This was a case-control of which the case group (smoker) and control group (non-smoker) did cardiopulmonary endurance using YMCA step test, lung function test using spirometry and salivary SOD levels. Research held in Faculty of Medicine Universitas Kristen Maranata Bandung at June 2015 till January 2016.
Results: There was no significant difference in cardiorespiratory endurance (p = 1.0000) and lung function test between smokers and nonsmokers (p> 0.05). Odds ratio showed that smokers 6.5 times more likely to have abnormal lung function test compared to non-smokers. There was a very significant difference in average salivary SOD levels between smokers and non-smokers (p = 0.003).
Conclusion: No significant different in cardiorespiratory endurance between smokers and non smokers. (J Respir Indo. 2017; 37: 129-34)
Keywords: Cardiorespiratory endurance, lung function test, salivary superoxide dismutase, smoke

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