The Relationship between Smoking Cessation with The Severity of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Based on GOLD 2013

· COPD, Journal, Tobacco Control

Danar Pratama Putra, Nurfitri Bustamam, Aulia Chairani

Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran, Jakarta


Background: Smoking is responsible for approximately 90% of COPD. Smoking cessation is one of nonpharmacological managements for COPD patient. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between smoking cessation and the severity of COPD based on GOLD 2013.
Methods: Cross sectional design was used towards 84 COPD patients. FEV1 data were obtained from medical record, while data about smoking habit, the symptoms of COPD and their effects were obtained from interviewing the subjects using questionnaire about smoking habit, CAT and mMRC questionnaires. Data were taken using consecutive sampling technique.
Results: The subject research having aged 68.5 (53-79) years old and the majorities (64.3%) have stopped smoking about 10 (2-30) years. There were relationship between smoking cessation and quality of life, the degree of breathlessness and the severity of COPD based on GOLD 2013.
Conclusion: This study indicates smoking cessation reduced COPD symptoms so there is a necessity for active intervention by health professionals to help COPD patients to stop smoking. (J Respir Indo.2016;36:20-7)

Keywords: COPD, GOLD 2013, smoking cessation.

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