Tag archives for rokok

The Relationship between Smoking Cessation with The Severity of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Based on GOLD 2013

Danar Pratama Putra, Nurfitri Bustamam, Aulia Chairani Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran, Jakarta Abstract Background: Smoking is responsible for approximately 90% of COPD. Smoking cessation is one of nonpharmacological managements for COPD patient. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between smoking cessation and the severity of COPD based on GOLD 2013. Methods: […]

Electronic Cigarette

Tanuwihardja RK, Susanto AD. J Respir Indones. 2012;32(1):53-61. Abstract Tobacco is a worlwide problem. The World Heatlh Organization (WHO) predicted that approximately 2.5 billion smoker worldwide with twothirds are in developing countries. Indonesia is ranked third among 10 countries with highest number of smoker, after China and India. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) in 2007 showed […]

Prevalens Asma Bronkial Berdasarkan Kuesioner ISAAC dan Perilaku Merokok pada Siswa SLTP di Daerah Industri Jakarta Timur

Rosamarlina, Yunus F, Sutoyo DK. J Respir Indones. 2010;30(2);75-84. Introduction: Prevalence of asthma is still rising in developed countries including Indonesian. Asthma is one of the most important diseases in childhood, causing substantial morbidity. This study using the ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) questionnaire to determine asthma prevalence in Junior high […]

Merokok dan Ketergantungan Nikotin pada Penduduk Tenganan Pegringsingan, Karangasem, Bali

Rai IBN, Artana IGNB. J Respir Indones. 2009;29:(4). Smoking is the leading cause of preventabel mortality and morbidity in industrialized countries and increasingly the smoking epidemic is affecting developing countries. This is particularly true for vascular and respiratory diseases, as well as for cancer. Stopping smoking prolongs life and reduces morbidity. Despite increasing scientific knowledge […]