The Relationship Between Cotton Dust and Byssinosis in X Cotton Mattress Factory Worker in Medan

· Occupational Lung Disease

Deddy Abdi Syahputra, Zainuddin Amir, Pandiaman Pandia
Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP H. Adam Malik Medan

Background: Organic dust cotton dust exposure in the working environment can cause obatructive lung disease that called byssinosis disease. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the amount of cotton dust with the byssinosis that occur on X factory which produce makes cushion made of cotton dust in Medan city.
Methods: This study with cross sectional design performed between November to December 2013. There were 50 subjects of this study.
Results: Based on Schilling’s criteria, 36 subjects (77%) were classified 1ˢᵗ degree (25.5%). Dust measurement in carding unit was 0.3714 mg/m³, spinning unit 0.4125 mg/m³. Byssinosis affected more often in elder male worker, smoker, more than 5 years working experience and low to medium educational background.
Conclusion: There was a relationship between byssinosis and dust concentration in the cotton factory. (J Respir Indo. 2015; 35: 135-43)
Keywords: Cotton dust, byssinosis, obstructive lung airways.

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