Factors Associated to Success Tuberculosis Therapy of Co-infection TB-HIV Patients in Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta-Indonesia

· Lung Infection

Dikromo NP, Antariksa B, Nawas A. J Respir Indones. 2011;31(1):14-21.

Background. Annually 239 TB new cases found in every 100.000 citizens with HIV prevalence among TB patients was estimated 0,8% nationwide. Study of anti tuberculosis therapy success rate on co-infection TBHIV patient is lacking. Therefore, it is important to analyze proportion of positive or negative acid fast bacilli (AFB) test and multiple drug resistance (MDR) and also factors associated to success tuberculosis therapy on co-infection TB-HIV patients.
Method. Cross sectional study was conducted using medical record of total sampling 83 co-infection TB-HIV patients of Persahabatan Hospital during January 2005 to December 2008
Result: Characteristic of co-infection TB HIV patients was 33,7% positive AFB; 86,7% with wide lesion; and 98,8% infiltrate lesion. Only 7,2% patient with pleural effusion. Lesion at middle and lower lobes of lung found in 78,3%, and 41% at upper lobes. Success rate of tuberculosis therapy is 74,7%. Reggresion analysis found that factors associated to success tuberculosis therapy are total lymphocyte count, type of lesion, sex and smoking.

Keyword : co-infection TB-HIV, acid fast bacilli (AFB), tuberculosis therapy, success rate

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